The practitioner must be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of each graft or implant material. Int J Prosthodont ; 6: Complications of Facial Implants Jonathan M. Leave Comments Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Overtime, PMMA has been shown to be well tolerated without presenting biological side effects like foreign-body reactions 5,6,11,
Alloplastic Chin Implants
Occasionally, the facial and lingual cortical plates are compressed in an attempt to reduce the width of the wound site. In addition, the implants can be secured with sutures or screws. Mandible and extended chin implants can correct skeletal irregularities and deficiencies after sagittal and horizontal osteotomies. Medipore implants, manufactured from a high-density porous polyethylene, are the most popular and widely used implants in facial augmentation. Send me a copy Cancel.
Unsupported Transport Layer Security Protocol
Implants placed in large subperiosteal pockets must be immobilized to prevent their postoperative movement. However, the second-generation breast implants were plagued by diffusion or bleed of small silicone molecules into the periprosthetic intra-capsular space, due to their thin permeable shell and less viscous silicone gel filler. The implants were subsequently removed, and pathology demonstrated a combination of attenuated fibrous tissue with focal foreign body giant cell reaction and acute chronic inflammation. Complications of Facial Implants Jonathan M. Sensory changes due to impingement of the implant on the infraorbital nerve are not uncommon.
Postoperative objective and subjective patient evaluation demonstrated uneventful recovery and an excellent aesthetic result Figures 5 a — 5 l. One of the main advantages of using alloplastic materials is that it is possible to prefabricate the prosthesis preoperatively, thus, reducing the operative time and complexity, and improving the final result 6. The biological component successfully used today for implantation and facial contouring is fat cells fat grafting. Porous particulate or molded porous forms of HTR polymer may be considered to increase the dimensions of the alveolar ridge and to correct bony defects. However, in craniofacial surgery, the use of autologous bone is still the first choice for reconstructing bony defects or irregularities. See the video below which shows the implant design process and the steps that the Craniofacial Team of Texas Plastic Surgeons take ensure a good outcome after cranioplasty.